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1. Introduction and Maxtor Drive Specs

2.Buying a Second Hard Drive

3. Installing the Second Drive - Getting Started

4. HD Jumper Pins and Ribbon Cable

5. Finish Installation - Hard Drive BIOS Settings and Partitioning

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Adding a Second Hard Drive Review;
Demonstrated with the
Maxtor 13.6 GB DiamondMax Plus

Installing the Second Drive - Getting Started

You have your new drive in hand and you're ready to install it in the case. We're are going to walk you through the installation of the Maxtor 13.6 GB DiamondMax Plus 6800 - Retail Kit (installation is very similar for other brands of hard drives).

What to do First. Before you make any move to disconnect your old drive and to attach your new one, there are several things you need to do before you start.

1. Backup any critical data on your old hard drive in case you are hit by Murphy's Law. The chance you will destroy data on the original drive is extremely low, however it never hurts to be safe.
Write down or copy to backup media all modem settings, ISP phone numbers, passwords, shortcuts, BIOS settings, and any other critical information (this is especially important for those that choose to make the new drive the C: drive).

2. Create a Windows 95/98/Me/XP Startup Disk. This is necessary as the drive installation software needs this disk to format and partition your drive (besides, it never hurts to have a new Startup disk ready to go in case you can't boot Windows). You will also need this disk if you buy an OEM drive and you want to use the new drive as the boot C: drive.

To make a Startup disk in Windows 95/98/Me, format a floppy disk and then click on Start/ Settings/Control Panel/ Add Remove Programs/ Startup Disk.

Note: You can also boot from your Windows 98, Me, and XP CD if your BIOS allows booting from the CD-ROM drive. To boot from your Windows CD, you will need to go into your BIOS and change the device boot order to CD-ROM, C:\.

To make a DOS Startup Disk in Windows XP, format a floppy disk, double-click My Computer, right-click your floppy disk drive, click Format, click Create a MS-DOS startup disk, and then click Start. Note that to make this disk useful you probably want to copy the DOS "format", "diskpart", "defrag", and "chkdsk" commands from your Windows/System32 directory. The main purpose of this disk is to allow you to boot into DOS (providing you set your BIOS to boot from floppy) and manipulate your hard drive.

To make a Windows Boot Disk in Windows XP, from the root folder of your hard disk drive (for example, C:\), copy the following files to a formatted floppy disk:


If you have Bootsect.dos or Ntbootdd.sys in your root directory copy them to the disk also. Note that you may have to remove the hidden, system, and read-only attributes from the files so that you can copy them. The main purpose of this disk is to allow you to recover your Windows XP installation if your hard drive's boot block becomes corrupted. You might want to add these files to your DOS Startup Disk and keep it in a safe place.

Downloading Windows XP Bootable Disks from Microsoft. Microsoft has also made bootable Windows XP Home and Professional disks available for download. Per Microsoft, "There are six Windows XP Setup boot floppy disks. These disks contain the files and drivers that are required to access the CD-ROM drive and begin the Setup process."
The download links are Windows XP Home and Windows XP Professional. More information on Windows XP download disks can be found at Microsoft's web site.

Note that in Windows XP it is also possible to format, partition, and unpartition a hard drive using the Disk Management tool. To start Disk Management log on as administrator or as a member of the Administrators group. Click Start , and then click Control Panel . Click Performance and Maintenance, click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Computer Management. In the console tree, click Disk Management.

3. Write down product information from the top of the new drive and put it in a safe place. The only place this information existed on our Maxtor drive was on the drive's product label, which was unreadable once we placed the drive in the drive bay.

4. Know the jumper pin settings for both the new drive and the old drive. Make sure you know the correct jumper pin settings for your old drive. If you do not have this information, visit your hard drive manufacturer's web site.
Instructions for setting the jumpers on the new drive come in the box (see our picture of jumper pin settings for more information).

5. Turn your system off but leave it plugged into the wall/surge protector. You will short your system or damage your hard drives if there is power entering the computer. The system needs to remain plugged into the wall because it needs to remain grounded. You should periodically touch the metal chassis, before and during handling of the drives, to disperse any static electricity from your body.
<If you need to unplug your system to be absolutely sure the power is off, you can ground yourself with a grounding wrist strap available at most computer stores.>

6. Decide which hard drive will be the C: boot drive. Read through this entire article and especially see Formatting and Partitioning the New Drive, before you decide which drive, the new or the old drive, will be your boot drive.

Once you have completed the above steps, you are ready to begin installing the second hard drive.

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